What is biopsy?
Biopsy is defined as the excision of tissue or fluid from the body for examination. The sample is examined under a microscope to know whether the cells are cancerous or non-cancerous.
A biopsy also helps us to :
1. to devise a treatment plan for cancer
2. To check the severity of the disease (aggressiveness of cancer)
3. check the progress of a treatment plan.
Types of biopsies:
- Needle Biopsy: we use a hollow needle to extract the fluid or tissue. It requires meticulous viewing of the affected area and removal of the sample. A needle biopsy can be a fine needle aspiration or core needle biopsy
- Fine needle aspiration biopsy: we use a hollow needle to remove the tissue.
- Core needle biopsy: we use a much wider needle to remove a large amount of the tissue.
- Bone Marrow Biopsy: Bone marrow biopsy involves the extraction of bone marrow, which is the soft, spongy tissue found within long bones. This remarkable tissue plays a vital role in the production of blood cells. During the procedure, a syringe is used to collect fluid from the pelvis. The collected cells are then analyzed to detect blood cancers like leukemia and lymphoma.
- Endoscopic Biopsy: In the realm of endoscopy, a long, flexible tube called an endoscope is introduced into the body through natural openings like the mouth. Equipped with a light and a camera, this tool provides a visual window into the inner tissues. An endoscopic biopsy is particularly useful for detecting cancer in organs like the lungs, colon, and bladder. The ability to visualize and target suspicious areas during the procedure enables doctors to obtain precise tissue samples for further examination.
- Incisional Biopsy: When it is not feasible to remove an entire lesion or mass, an incisional biopsy is performed. In this approach, a small portion of the abnormal tissue is excised for analysis. This targeted sampling allows doctors to gather sufficient material for an accurate diagnosis while minimizing the impact on surrounding healthy tissues. Incisional biopsies are commonly used when the complete removal of a lesion could cause significant damage or when the tumor is too large to be excised entirely.
- Excisional Biopsy: The excisional biopsy takes a more comprehensive approach, involving the complete removal of the suspicious area or lump. By removing the entire lesion, medical professionals minimize the risk of missing any cancerous cells that might be present. This technique is commonly employed when dealing with breast masses, lymph nodes, and muscle tumors. The extracted tissue is then subjected to detailed examination to determine the presence and extent of cancerous growth.
- Shave Biopsy: For surface-level tumors located within the skin, a shave biopsy is the chosen path. During this procedure, the superficial layers of the skin are gently removed using a scalpel. Shave biopsies are suitable for diagnosing various skin conditions, including skin tumors.
- Laparoscopic Biopsy: Laparoscopic biopsy involves the insertion of a small tube with a camera (laparoscope) through specific body openings like the abdomen or pelvis. This technique enables the exploration and sampling of tissues from areas that are otherwise challenging to access. Laparoscopic biopsies are frequently employed to detect cancers in the cervical, ovarian, and endometrial regions, providing valuable diagnostic information for effective treatment planning.
- Image-guided biopsy: Image-guided biopsy is a refined version of traditional biopsy.In this process, we use imaging techniques such as Ultrasound, CT or MRI to guide the needle to specific location. It helps us to know whether the patient has cancer or is affected by other health conditions.
Cost of Biopsy at CION Cancer Clinics:
At CION Cancer Clinics, we firmly believe that being cost-effective and delivering highly experienced work are not opposites. Our team of expert surgical oncologists performs biopsies starting from as low as 1,500 rupees, ensuring both affordability and quality. To learn more about our exceptional services, you can reach out to us at 1800 120 2676 or simply fill out a form through the following link. We are dedicated to providing top-notch care and accurate diagnoses, making cancer treatment accessible to all.