Precision medicine in cancer
Cancer is a condition where normal cells mutate ( change the genetic code of DNA) and begin to divide uncontrollably. Cancer is a disease often considered incurable or often mentioned as a disease that has no cure.There are several better ongoing research that is done and which can apply from patient to patient. These novel treatment strategies offer hope for cancer patients, be it in severe form, irrespective of
The type of cancer
There are various types of cancer that differ in terms of to which organ it has spread.
The stage of cancer:
Stage of cancer often refers to how far the cancer has spread.
Although cancer can be it can be a scary term at first, there are various ongoing cancer research that are in progress to combat or help combat cancer.
Palliative care: often used to treat or relieve symptoms of cancer
Biomarker testing: There are certain molecules of cancer are detected, and based on it the treatment option can be modified, this aids in cancer
We can use this technique for
diagnosis is a procedure where the cancer cells are looked at to detect any signs
Can opt for genetic testing or consult a genetic councellor
A genetic counselor is a person who specializes in testing the genetic changes in the DNA, which in turn aids in the treatment plan so that the treatment plans can be changed, and modified for a better treatment outcome.
Ex: Biomarker testing: Biological and marker are molecular testing to detect CTCs or ctDNA in cancer cell
Precision medicine in cancer treatment
We can change the treatment plan based on the results of genetic testing.
we use precision medicine cancer therapy
Precision medicine is used in treatment options such as Immunotherapy. Attack of the Immune system on cancer cells. The Immune system helps the body fight off pathogens or other foreign invaders. It's a treatment option where we give certain drugs to boost the immune system. However, they pose problems in detecting cancer cells because cancer cells themselves have a mechanism to invade the immune system.
Targeted therapy is a treatment option where we specifically target cancer cells based on the specific receptors they present . Precision medicine or its research gives information about it and helps in curating various targeted therapies.