What is the Thyroid ?
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the front portion of the neck. The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in regulating various vital activities of the body, including heart rate, metabolism, weight, and blood pressure.
What is thyroid cancer?
Thyroid cancer occurs when the cells in the thyroid gland mutate and begin to divide uncontrollably.
Thyroid gland classification
The thyroid gland can be classified into different types based on various criteria. There are four main types of thyroid cancer :
1. Papillary thyroid cancer
Papillary thyroid cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer. It originates from follicular cells, which are responsible for producing thyroid hormones, including T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). These cancers typically progress slowly and may affect one or both lobes of the thyroid gland. They can also spread to nearby lymph nodes.
2. Follicular thyroid cancer
Follicular thyroid cancer is the second most common type and is often found in individuals with inadequate iodine intake. The cells in this type of cancer closely resemble normal thyroid cells and are well-differentiated. Follicular cancer may spread to vital organs, such as the lungs.
3. Medullary thyroid cancer
Medullary thyroid cancer occurs when the C cells in the thyroid gland become cancerous. C cells are responsible for producing calcitonin, which helps balance calcium levels in the body. The appearance of these cancerous cells differs significantly from normal thyroid cells. They can spread to lymph nodes and other organs.
4. Anaplastic thyroid cancer
Anaplastic thyroid cancer is a rare and highly aggressive form of thyroid cancer. It has the potential to spread to other parts of the body, including the neck and other organs. This type of cancer affects follicular cells and causes rapid multiplication of these cells.
In summary, thyroid cancer encompasses several distinct types, each with unique characteristics. Papillary, follicular, medullary, and anaplastic thyroid cancers arise from different cell types within the thyroid gland and exhibit varying degrees of aggressiveness and potential for spread. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial in managing thyroid cancer effectively.
If you have any uncertainties or seek a better understanding of thyroid cancer, we invite you to reach out to CION Cancer Clinics. Our team is here to assist you. Feel free to contact us at 1800 120 2676, or you can conveniently fill out the form through the provided link.